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Implicit and explicit racial prejudice among medical professionals

Implicit and explicit racial prejudice among medical professionals: updated estimates from a population-based study


Background Prior research provides evidence of implicit and explicit anti-Black prejudice among US physicians. However, we know little about whether racialized prejudice varies among physicians and non-physician healthcare workers relative to the general population. Methods Using ordinary least squares models and data from Harvard's Project Implicit (2007–2019), we assessed the associations between self-reported occupational status (physician, non-physician healthcare worker) and implicit (N = 1,500,268) and explicit prejudice (N = 1,429,677) toward Black, Arab-Muslim, Asian, and Native American populations, net of demographic characteristics. We used STATA 17 for all statistical analyses.

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